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Biology of a bear dog

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Biology of a bear dog

How it’s done

The bear dog is an imposing and massive animal, with a thick brown fur, sometimes with blackish reflections in contrast with the lighter area. Babies generally have a whitish hair collar that disappears towards the second year of age. The bear dog is a plant, that is, an animal that moves resting the entire paw plant on the ground, equipped with advanced digital devices and sturdy non-retractable claws. His vision is mediocre, while the sense of smell and hearing are very integrated. Its dimensions are: length from 130 to 250 cm, height at the withers from 75 to 120 cm. Its weight varies between 50 and 150 kg for females and between 70 and 300 for males. Babies weigh 200-300 grams at birth.

Best food for Bear Dog

Best food for bear dog :Despite belonging to the order of carnivores, the brown bear dog puppy must be considered omnivorous and the basic vegetables, in Trentino, more than 60% of the foods consumed. The remaining part of the diet consists of insects (mainly ants and bees) and the remains of animals found dead and only very rarely preyed on. The opportunity to feed the food also manifests itself in its ability to adapt the diet during the year, based on seasonal availability. In spring, a large part of the diet is made up of shoots, leaves of shrubs, buds and berries ripened the previous autumn. Another food this season is the carcasses of wild ungulates that died during the winter. In summer the consumption of inflorescences, grass, leaves, wild fruit but also of insects increases. In this season the old stumps, anthills and crawl spaces suffer the greatest devastation. In autumn, a critical period since it precedes hibernation and is known from the so-called “hyperphagia”, that is the tendency to spend most

part of the time feeding, the diet is even more varied. In fact, there are added apples and pears from orchards, corn and dried fruit such as beechnuts, with high calorific value

Where does they live

In the Alps, the bear dog prefers vast forests rich in undergrowth, where it finds the necessary tranquillity and the food it feeds on. It is found above all in the altitude range between 700 and 1800 meters above sea level. But it can also allocate at lower altitudes or pass through at very high altitudes.

The long winter

The bear dog usually spends the winter season (November-March) in a state of semi-hibernation or “hibernation”, inside a winter den.

Generally, the dens are made in small natural caves, sometimes enlarged and adapted by the bear dog. More rarely they are directly dug into the ground. The entrance is often not very visible and smaller in size compared to the size of the animal. Inside, the bear dog usually prepares a comfortable nest-shaped bed, using leaves, grass, brushwood and twigs.

During wintering, the plantigrade falls into a deep numbness and the body temperature drops. The metabolism slows down and the animal slowly consumes the fat stores that it has accumulated during the autumn. Hibernation is not absolute, however, sometimes the bear dog can leave the den for short periods, in the hottest hours of the day. If disturbed, the animal abandons hospitalization and is forced to find an emergency one

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